Water is by far the beverage of choice, especially if you are a health conscious individual who fully understands the power of water to nourish and sustain life. While the human body can go about 3 weeks without food, it cannot survive for more than 3 days without water. Water is essential to every bodily function. No other liquid can sustain your body like water, and the body needs a certain amount of water to function well.
The sad truth is that most people just don’t drink enough water. However, without water, your kidneys and liver cannot eliminate toxins, your colon cannot move your bowels, and thus, toxins build up in the body that lead to a host of compromising health conditions.
Dehydration is responsible for any number of uncomfortable to downright deadly symptoms such as fatigue, muscle pain, irritability, weight gain, headaches, dry skin, constipation, vertigo, low blood pressure, rapid heart rate, fever, rapid breathing and unconsciousness. Chronic dehydration may cause such things as arthritis, depression, accelerated aging and mood swings.
By the time you are thirsty, it is probably too late, you are most likely already on the way to dehydration. Urine output, color and odor, are all good indicators of the need for water.
If your urine has low odor and is pale colored, you are most likely on track. Some health practitioners say to aim for at least 10 glasses a day while others recommend half of your body weight in ounces.
Of course, if you are working out or spending time outdoors in the heat, it is essential that you replace water lost due to perspiration. You can also pull the skin on the top of your hand to see if it bounces back. If it stays up for a while, grab a glass or two of water, your tank is probably low.
What is the Best Water to Drink?
There are some people who drink enough water but are not consuming the right water. Perhaps you are under the assumption that your tap water is safe because the government says it is safe? In fact, your tap water might contain up to 80 so-called “regulated” contaminants and many unregulated toxins.
Perhaps you purchase bottled water in an attempt to stay safe; however, this can also be a problem. There is a major problem with deceptive labelling in the bottled water industry.
Don’t be fooled by marketing campaigns that state that the water is from a spring or pristine pool. Bottled water is just water and a very, very big business. Each year, over $75 billion dollars are spent on bottled water.
Bottled water in the United States falls under the authority of the FDA. Since over 70% of bottled water never crosses a state line for sale, it is exempt from the scrutiny of the FDA.
Tests done on bottled water have turned up traces of carcinogenic compounds, pharmaceuticals, fluoride, and arsenic to name a few. Bottled water is not a good value and creates mounds and mounds of trash that ends up in our oceans and landfills, no matter how much we recycle.
Toxins in Drinking Water
Known as an extremely dangerous toxin, fluoride is added to water sources including municipal water as well as bottled water. Adding fluoride to water has been banned in other countries but remains a common practice in many American cities; although some have rejected this practice since as early as 1990.
Arsenic is a heavy, toxic metal that is classified by the International Academy for Research on Cancer as a Category l carcinogen. This means that it is a known cancer causing metal. The Environmental Protection Agency set the acceptable standard for arsenic at 10 parts per billion in tap water. Many states exceed this standard.
Inhaling chlorine is dangerous to health and ingesting it is even more so. Chlorine is added to water to kill certain bacteria. Once chlorine enters the body, it joins with other compounds to form Trihalomethanes which triggers free radical damage. In a recent study, chlorine was added to the water supply of rats who developed tumors in their intestines, liver and kidneys.
The United States Council of Environmental Quality, states that people who consume water with chlorine have an over 90% higher risk of developing cancer than those who don’t. Even after the results of this and other similar studies have been presented before the government, chlorine continues to be added to water.
The Best Type of Water
So, after reading this you may be thinking, what should I drink if I cannot drink tap or bottled water? Here are a few options; as with anything, be sure that these options are suitable for your needs and do your research before making a purchase. Some systems are better than others at removing harmful contaminants. Arrange to have your tap water tested so that you know what it is you need to filter out.
There are a few options to consider when it comes to improving the quality of your drinking water. A whole house water filtration system may set you back a few bucks, but it is worth it in the long run. A good system will filter multiple impurities including chlorine from your entire water supply and requires only minor maintenance like changing the filter.
Pitcher filtration systems that go in the refrigerator are inexpensive, but they often fall short of removing all water contaminants, but remain an option nevertheless. Reverse osmosis systems, either countertop, under the counter or whole house types can be costly and actually strip water of just about everything, including healthy trace minerals. Do not use a reverse osmosis filter system unless you are going to supplement your diet with trace minerals.
Water and Digestion
You may have heard that you should not drink ice water with a meal. The reason for this is that ice water can disrupt digestion. The Chinese were the first to know and understand this and always drink warm or hot beverages, such as tea, with their meals.
Drinking ice cold water during a meal does not allow the body to properly digest food as it slows down the digestive process. How easy is it for you to function when you put your hands in ice water?
Like this, your digestive system is shocked when you drink cold fluids and is unable to perform its job well. This makes it hard for you to receive all of the nutritional benefits of the food you are eating.
Drinking warm water, especially warm lemon water helps with elimination. The American Cancer Society recommends warm lemon water to encourage regular bowel movements.
Note: When you drink cold beverages, your body has to use vital energy to warm up the liquid inside your body. This means that energy that is necessary for the digestive process is being spent somewhere else. Proper digestion requires all of that energy.
Will Ice Water Help Me Lose Weight? In reality, drinking ice cold water will only burn 8 calories more than warm water. When exercising, it is very important to remember that you need to replace water lost through perspiration, this water can be either cold or warm and will be equally hydrating.
Instead of drinking ice cold water with your meal, opt for room temperature water or even warm organic tea. Some nutritionists suggest drinking warm water thirty minutes before a meal and thirty minutes after but not during.
Avoid drinking beverages that come directly out of the refrigerator and when you eat out, make sure to tell the waiter to hold off on the ice. When you travel to Europe you will find that most restaurants already serve water without ice.
Article taken from http://www.thealternativedaily.com/always-drink-water-like/?utm_source=internal&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=N131127
Phone call from so called tech support people claiming they are from Microsoft,Dell etc offering to repair problems with your PC beware see attached link
Sophos just posted an excellent article on this subject. Here is a link to it: http://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2013/11/22/ftc-fights-the-cybercrooks-who-put-cryptolocker-to-shame/?utm_source=Naked+Security+-+Sophos+List&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=2f7ae7351a-naked%252Bsecurity&utm_term=0_31623bb782-2f7ae7351a-418503305.
An early indication of autism can be identified in babies under six months old, a study suggests.
US researchers, writing in Nature, analysed how infants looked at faces from birth to the age of three.
They found children later diagnosed with autism initially developed normally but showed diminished eye contact – a hallmark of autism – between two and six months of age.
A UK expert said the findings raise hope for early interventions.
In the study, researchers led by Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta used eye-tracking technology to measure the way babies looked at and responded to social clues.
These early markers are extremely important for us to identify – the earlier we can diagnose a child who has one of these disorders – such as autism – the earlier we can provide intervention and development”
Dr Deborah Riby Durham University
They found infants later diagnosed with autism had shown a steady decline in attention to the eyes of other people from the age of two months onwards, when watching videos of natural human interactions.
Lead researcher Dr Warren Jones told BBC News: “It tells us for the first time that it’s possible to detect some signs of autism in the first months of life.
“These are the earliest signs of autism that we’ve ever observed.”
The study, in collaboration with the Marcus Autism Center and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, followed 59 infants who had a high risk of autism because they had siblings with the life-long condition, and 51 infants at low risk.
Dr Jones and colleague Dr Ami Klin followed them to the age of three, when the children were formally assessed for autism.
Thirteen of the children were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders – a range of disorders that includes autism and Asperger’s syndrome – 11 boys and two girls.
The researchers then went back to look at the eye-tracking data, and what they found was surprising.
“In infants with autism, eye contact is declining already in the first six months of life,” said Dr Jones.
But he added this could be seen only with sophisticated technology and would not be visible to parents.
“It’s not something that parents would be able to see by themselves at all. If parents have concerns they should talk to their paediatrician.”
Dr Deborah Riby, of the department of psychology at Durham University, said the study provided an insight into the timing of atypical social attention in children who might go on to develop autism.
Source: NHS Choices
“These early markers are extremely important for us to identify – the earlier we can diagnose a child who has one of these disorders – such as autism – the earlier we can provide intervention and development,” she said.
Caroline Hattersley, head of information, advice and advocacy at the National Autistic Society, said the research was “based on a very small sample and needs to be replicated on a far larger scale before any concrete conclusions can be drawn”.
“Autism is a very complex condition,” she said.
“No two people with autism are the same, and so a holistic approach to diagnosis is required that takes into account all aspects of an individual’s behaviour. A more comprehensive approach allows all of a person’s support needs to be identified.
“It’s vital that everyone with autism can access a diagnosis, as it can be key to unlocking the right support which can enable people with the condition to reach their full potential.”
The research is published in the journal Nature.
here area number of Renewable Technologies available today which can reduce your need for fossil fuels ie coal,Gas Oil for example
Photvoltaic Solar Panel
Keep in mind that in Ireland that a standard size solar cell say 1.65m (l)x 0.992m(w) Panel will only produce approx 500 Watts of Electricity(Around max of Solar Cell) which would only produce electricity say 5 number 100 Watt lamps.This technology is developing at a fast rate nevertheless where rolls of photovolatic cells and can be spread across a roof.
Solar Thermal Hot Water Systems
The above system can be combined with a Heat Pump as during the winter the effectiveness of the panels will be reduced
Air to water Heat Pump
Air to water heat pump has a COP (Coefficient of Performance (see Wikipedia for full definition)) which is a ratio of 1:3 say air temp outside is 15 degrees the heat pump will produce a temp of 45 degrees.Underfloor heating which is connected to the heat pump needs only 40 degrees because it is a slow release of heat.If radiator are being used they need to be of a special construction that can be efficient at 40 degrees rather than the normal temp which is around 70 degrees.
Combined Solar/Heat Pump
Solar,Heat Pumps can be combined with a normal Fossil fuel heating system rather like a hybrid car where there is less reliance on fossil fuels and the continuing fuel increases of such fuels.
Why is it that Dublin has such a terrible transport System
1. Priority of road building over public transport system during 1960-70 where funds where available from the EU for infrastructure developments.
2. Irish people preference for the car rather than public transport
3. Letting Politicians involved in planning for a forward thinking transport system,ie dismissing the idea of a metro because it would be to expensive which proved to be inaccurate as Spanish Engineer offered to build an underground system for a fraction of the initial budget price.
4. Former Minister for Transport referred to the crime that will occur down in the bowels of the metro and she gave an example of New York Metro as we all no know now there is zero crime tolerance.There an example of a metro across the pond and it is not total mayhem in the underground.
5. No joined up thinking
6. Forcing politicians to use public transport so that they can get a feel for how the other half live.
The system that is available in the current time
Luas and Dart,Bus,Train
The negative point of the existing systems
1. If you don’t live close to luas/Dart line it not worth the time/ effort to drive to a luas/dart stop
2. The expensive of parking at a luas stop when to encourage people to use public transport there should be free off street parking/car parks
3. Example of the silly system,if you live in citywest for example and you want to get to dunlaoghaire you must get a luas to town and then get a dart to dunlaogahire or get a 75 to dunlaoghaire which would take approx 2 hours
4. Overcrowding of the existing system, concede this is common whatever system you use but for small our population it should not be an issue
A metro is needed,underground and overground to serve all areas of Dublin
o cats really like milk and can they read your mind? Surprising new finds suggest it’s time to forget what you think you know about your feline companion, writes Dr John Bradshaw.
We all think we know our cats. They are often portrayed as wily, self-interested creatures that do precisely what they feel like doing. But cats are no more self-interested than any other animal – evolution quickly sidelines those who don’t look out for themselves. And in fact, recent discoveries by molecular geneticists, veterinary scientists and animal behaviourists have overturned much of what we thought we knew about this familiar animal. So, if you think your cat is a calculating mind-reader beyond your control, you’re in for a surprise…
The surprising truth is that cats are just as good at learning as dogs are, so it should be possible to train them, although few people do. Partly this is because the cat’s traditional function, hunting and killing vermin, comes naturally to them, and they are actually more successful at this when left to their own devices. Untrained dogs, on the other hand, are more of a hindrance than a help.
However, the fundamental difference behind the two species is not in how good they are at learning, but in what motivates them to learn. Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are unique in that they find human attention rewarding in its own right. They focus almost obsessively on what their trainers are doing. It means their behaviour can be shaped by following a desired behaviour with a pat on the head, say, or ignoring them when they do something else instead. Dogs can, of course, also be trained using food as a reward, but for most cats (Felis catus), this is the only reward that will work consistently. Indeed, the easiest trick to train a cat to perform is to ‘beg’ for its food, as countless YouTube videos attest.
To train a cat requires a great deal more patience and perseverance than for a dog. This is because most cats only attend to people when they need something specific, while dogs do this all the time. They first have to be taught that there will be a payoff for paying attention, specifically a tasty prawn or morsel of chicken breast. Training sessions need to be kept short to begin with, since cats will walk away as soon as they get bored, and any attempt to drag the cat back to the training area will make it less likely to learn.
Training can be a valuable way of improving the cat’s wellbeing at the same time as making life easier for the owner. For instance, a trip to the vet can be something of a trial. But if the cat has been trained beforehand that going in and out of its carrier is fun, and that the carrier itself is a safe and comfortable place to be, the whole process can be completed with a great deal less stress.
This old saying implies that cats are so inquisitive that they regularly put themselves at risk, but in fact very few cats act like this. They do indeed vary in how inquisitive they are – a few are bold enough to approach novel situations, but most are generally much more circumspect, choosing instead to inspect anything unfamiliar from a safe distance. Biologists now consider that character traits like these are akin to human personalities and are common to many animals, not just cats.
It seems that when resources such as food are scarce, bold animals do better than timid ones because they get to eat first. However, being timid when approaching food also means that an animal is less likely to end up as a meal for a predator. This is how both personality types persist in a species.
Cats are no more curious than other animals – in fact the saying should be ‘stress killed the cat’
So if the saying isn’t true, how did it arise? It turns out that the original form of the saying, first recorded in the 16th Century, was ‘care killed the cat’ – care in the sense of worry or stress. Quite why this was then considered notable is unclear, but veterinary science is now rediscovering the truth behind it. Many of today’s pet cats suffer from stress-related illnesses such as cystitis and dermatitis, and recent research has shown that antagonistic relationships between cats are a major, perhaps the major, contribution to many episodes of these illnesses.
Stress can arise between cats in the same house, where the owner has unwittingly selected two that do not get along, or between cats in neighbouring houses fighting over a boundary between their respective territories. Cats lack the sophisticated analysis of body-language that enables dogs to resolve such differences and can live in a state of conflict for months, even years, on end. A typical example of this was shown on the BBC Horizon programme The Secret Life Of The Cat, where two of the cats, Kato and Phoebe, living in houses opposite to each other across the street, were still disputing ‘ownership’ of the gardens between.
Cats with pedigrees – Persians, Siamese, Russian Blues and Maine Coons, to name but a few – fit the biologist’s criteria for a fully domesticated animal. Their owners control their breeding, feeding and care, just as with pedigree dogs, or for that matter, pigs and cattle.
However, most cats in Britain are ‘moggies’, not pedigree animals. Their mothers were probably pets, but when the mating season came around (usually January or February), they would have disappeared out through their cat-flaps and actively sought the attentions of as many males – tomcats – as they could find. It’s possible that one or two of those toms might have been pets themselves, but nowadays most owners have their male cats neutered to prevent them from roaming. This means that many of them would have been ferals, un-owned cats that live on their wits, and are extremely wary of people.
Each female, or ‘queen’, then observes the selection of tomcats she has attracted over a period of several hours, even as long as a couple of days, before selecting one or two which she allows to mate – something that would not be allowed by the owner of a fully domesticated animal. This behaviour has changed little during the course of domestication, confirming that moggies, at least, are still not fully domesticated animals.
Not all ‘domestic’ cats are fully domesticated
Moreover, this courtship provides a mechanism whereby domestic cats can continue to evolve – the relative persistence of the tomcats and the preferences of the queens for particular toms, both influence the characteristics of the next generation of kittens.
The very existence of feral cats further demonstrates that not all ‘domestic’ cats are fully domesticated. Domestic kittens are born to learn how to interact with people, but if they are deprived of human company for the first two months of their lives, they become wary of humans in general. They can adopt a feral lifestyle, scrounging or scavenging for their food.
On the other hand, if feral kittens are discovered before they reach the critical age of two months, and they are carefully introduced to people, they can quickly become indistinguishable from any pet cat.
Cats are therefore still capable of moving in and out of domestication within a couple of generations, something no fully domesticated animal can do. Your moggie probably has a wild side.
Scientists are divided as to whether any animal, other than us, has the ability to realise that the animals around them have minds at all. We use this ‘theory of mind’ so effortlessly that it can be hard to imagine not possessing it. For example, during a conversation we unconsciously choose our words carefully to get our message across, because we are able to imagine what the other person is likely to be thinking as we are speaking to them. We take into account that the person we are talking to has a mind somewhat like our own, but that there may well be subtle differences between our two minds because we are individuals.
Apart from perhaps our closest relations among the apes, other mammals seem to have only very limited ‘theory of mind’. Dogs display a primitive version, known as ‘attention-to-attention’: they alter the way they signal to one another depending upon whether the other dog seems to be paying attention. However, this does not prove that they know that other dogs have minds. It could be the expression of a sophisticated set of rules for communication, such as ‘if you can see both of the other dog’s eyes, signal your intentions; if you can’t, bark to get his attention’.
It’s not hard to figure out what your cat is thinking: more cat food probably
It’s not clear whether or not cats reach even this level of sophistication: descended from a territorial species that had only limited opportunities for interaction with members of its own kind, it is unlikely that cats’ brains would have evolved such an ability. So when your cat is looking at you, it will certainly be paying attention to you, but it’s unlikely to be pondering whether you’re thinking back, never mind reading your thoughts.
Gun dogs can pick up odours at concentrations 10,000 to 100,000 times lower than our relatively insensitive noses can. Cats, with their smaller noses, can only beat us by a factor of between 1,000 and 10,000. So in one respect, dogs do have a better sense of smell than cats.
But unlike humans, cats and dogs possess another olfactory sense – a second ‘nose’ that lies between the roof of their mouths and their nostrils. And cats beat dogs paws down in the resolving power of this second chemical sense.
A cat’s nose may not be as sensitive as a dog’s, but it can out-sense a canine with its vomeronasal organ
The second ‘nose’, known as the vomeronasal or Jacobson’s organ, consists of a pair of fluid-filled tubes, each with one opening in the nostrils and the other just behind the incisor teeth. About halfway down, each tube connects with a pouch that contains a sense organ. To reach this organ, odours have to first be dissolved in saliva and then pumped up into the pouch, producing sensations that must lie somewhere between smell and taste. The vomeronasal organ (VNO) even has its own area of the brain, the accessory olfactory bulb, where the information it produces can be processed separately from that generated by the nose proper.
Cats have a bigger range of receptors in their VNOs than dogs do (30 versus 9). Moreover, while dogs do not give any obvious indication that they are using their VNOs, cats do: they pull their top lip upwards, exposing their top teeth – and presumably also opening up the VNO ducts – in a grimace that looks rather fierce. This facial contortion, perhaps because we only discovered its significance quite recently, does not even have an English word to describe it. Biologists refer to it by its German name ‘Flehmen’.
Cats’ VNOs are probably more discriminating than dogs’ because they were originally solitary animals and so had to rely on scent marks to communicate with one another. When cats perform Flehmen, they have almost always just sniffed a scent-mark left by another cat, so they are presumably using their VNOs to get more detailed information about whoever left that mark. We caught many examples of this on the night-vision cameras deployed around Shamley Green, the Surrey village chosen for the BBC programme The Secret Life Of The Cat.
Research has yet to reveal the full extent of their vomeronasal organ’s abilities. But we do know that cats can identify other individuals from their scent marks if they’ve met them before and that even if they haven’t, they can tell the sex and reproductive state of the cat that left its mark.
It’s still true that this is where and when the earliest pet cats are placed by the archaeological evidence, but recent research into our pet cats’ DNA has extended this story back another 5,000 years or so.
Ancient Egyptians venerated their cats, but domestic cats have their origins some 5,000 years earlier
Dr Carlos Driscoll and his colleagues at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, examined the mitochondrial DNA of hundreds of pet and wild cats. He concluded that the domestic cat and its wild counterpart, the Arabian wildcat Felis silvestris lybica, diverged not 4,000 but 10,000 years ago. Subsequently, domestic cats spread from their point of origin throughout the Middle East and North Africa. They occasionally interbred with wildcats, all the while becoming progressively more distinct from them, especially in their ability to be tamed.
Precisely where that point of origin was is still uncertain: the DNA of today’s wildcats from that place should be very similar to that of pet cats worldwide, but given the current political turmoil in the region, it has not yet proved possible to collect enough samples to pinpoint the location with any degree of certainty.
So, rather than a single and rather abrupt domestication event in Egypt, it seems that the domestic cat gradually evolved from the wildcat, over a period of several thousand years. Over time it became progressively more pet-like, while retaining the hunting ability that made it invaluable in keeping foodstores free from rats and mice.
The traditional image of a contented cat lapping from a bowl of milk is a misleading one. Cats are very fond of cream, which they value for its high fat content, and so they are especially attracted to milk that has come straight from the cow, especially after the cream has been allowed to rise to the top. However, the milk we now buy in supermarkets contains little fat, and while some cats may like it for its taste, many do not find it easy to digest.
Cats would prefer it if you gave them a sardine rather than indigestible milk
Like all infant mammals, kittens are born able to digest the main sugar in milk, lactose. This sugar is a very valuable source of energy for young animals, but soon after they are weaned, the enzyme that enables them to digest it, lactase, begins to disappear from the gut. When an adult cat drinks milk, the indigestible lactose in its gut may start to ferment, causing a stomach upset.
Above excerpt taken from Focus Magazine
The IT Industry is mainly a career for men but maybe this might change see BBC news clip
Ordered wireless connector from Sky the other day, being a Sky Customer you get it for €12.49. There were no problems connecting it to my network. My router had been upgraded by UPC so I am getting good broadband speeds. The best part of it is the on demand which gives you the option of watching box sets, sky box office,4od etc
This is additional option but nevertheless you are still limited by the Sky package that you have.
There is also Sky Store where you pay per movie, you need a telephone line for this which if you have the UPC telephone modem does not pose a problem. The catch with this is that the payment for the film purchased is added to your bill and not debited straight from your account away so that mount up to my horror and works out more expensive than say Netflix
I may revert to reading books instead. One option if you do not have wifi enabled TV or Xbox is use the power plugs I have has a bad experience with the one I had which I bought relatively cheap on EBay. That may have been the problem rather than a brand named device. Installing an Ethernet cable from your router is another option but if the router is upstairs it requires a lot of time and effort to install.
Wireless keyboard issues where the mouse or keyboard is not responding and resulting in no access to PC.
Go into software of mouse/keypad if possible (use hard wired mouse)and check battery levels.Reset to default if available.
• Remove the batteries from the keyboard
• Press the Connect button on the receiver for 10 seconds.
• Press the Connect button on the mouse.
(You might need a pencil tip or other small tip to press the connect button.)
• Insert the batteries back into the keyboard.
• Press the Connect button on the receiver.
• Press the Connect button on the keyboard.
If the above does not work install KEYBOARD/MOUSE software on another laptop and if the mouse and keyboard works it is not a hardware problem
Try it again on the problem PC and it should work